The trunk is usually highly irregular with frequent branching. The bark is slate white in color and has a peeling appearance. World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Around 12 fruits develop from the flowers. To cut the tree, it requires at least four days using a diamond-point saws because of … [3][4], The inflorescence are borne at the ends of branches. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. They are bright red in color and spring from the apex of the peduncles. Xanthostemon verdugonianus, commonly known as mangkono or Philippine ironwood, is a species of plant in the family Myrtaceae. They are dark green in color on the upper side and pale whitish green on the underside. Ajna Fern with help from It is used for posts, piles, tool handles and other wooden tool parts, bowling balls, dumb-bells, paper weights and other desk novelties, pulleys, rollers, sheaves, bearings, saw-guide blocks, etc 721. It is also known as Magkuno (Magcuno) or Makano (Macano) in Surigaonon; and Magkuno or Tamaulauan in Visayan. [2], Mangkono has a maximum recorded diameter of around 3.8 ft (1.2 m), and a maximum recorded height of 33 ft (10 m). The wood is very hard, very heavy, highly durable, and resistant to marine borers. The database and code is licensed under a Each infloresence has multiple peduncles, each with 3 to 6 flowers, for a total of 13 to 20 per inflorescence. The wood seasons without warping much, but large logs have often several radial heart cracks, and fresh sawn pieces check superficially, but not deeply. [3][4], Xanthostemon verdugonianus is known to be the hardest Philippine hardwood species. [3][4], The leaves are around 8 to 12 cm (3.1 to 4.7 in) in length, and 5 cm (2.0 in) in width. Mangokono grows naturally only in the central Philippines on Surigao's Dinagat Island, Homonhon Island in Samar, Babatngon, Leyte, and in Palawan. Interesting bit of associated trivia, the nursery I … [6], The tree is rare and is classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN due to overharvesting and habitat loss.[6]. [5][6], Because of its inherent hardness and high density, Mangkono has long been recognized as a substitute for the world-famous Lignum vitae (Guaicum officinale L.). Cutting a 70-cm thick tree with axes normally requires three hours, but cutting a Mangkono tree with the same diameter usually takes two to four days. According to different official sources between 46 and 51 species are known to science. Scientifically named Xanthostemon verdugonianus (Naves. Xanthostemon verus or commonly known as Iron Wood is a large, evergreen tree that can be found in Southeast Asia specifically in Indonesia. Very difficult to work. Mangkono is an excellent material for the bearing or stern bushing of a steamship's propeller shaft. Diamond-point saws have been used exclusively but a great volume of water is needed to counter overheating. "Mangkono (Xanthostemon verdugonianus Naves. The bole is very irregular, fluted, and bent. Mangkono (also spelled mangkuno or mancono) is also known as palo de hierro ("iron wood") in Spanish. web interface by XANTHOSTEMON VERDUGONIANUS RED TREE PENDA Please note that advanced stock of 100 litre and above is not included in Online Shop; To access advanced stock list, please click DOWNLOAD LISTS to check availability of advanced stock and please contact … Its … Leaves are simple, relatively thick, alternate, and obovate. Xanthostemon is a genus of trees and shrubs, constituting part of the myrtle plant family Myrtaceae. They are simple and are arranged alternately. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Ken Fern, If you would like to support this site, please consider, Francisco Manuel Blanco (O.S.A. It is also known as Magkuno (Magcuno) or Makano (Macano) in Surigaonon; and Magkuno or Tamaulauan in Visayan. It is threatened by habitat loss. Mangkono (also spelled mangkuno or mancono) is also known as palo de hierro ("iron wood") in Spanish. This genus was first described in 1857 by German–Australian botanist Ferdinand von Mueller. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Xanthostemon verdugonianus Náves ex Fern.-Vill". Xanthostemon verdugonianus or commonly known as Mangkono is a tree growing up to 50 m in height and 115 cm in bole diameter. Magkono or Xanthostemon verdugonianus is a Philippine endemic tree found in the “Magkono Triangle” that includes Palawan, Samar, Dinagat Island and now seen in Surigao del Sur and Agusan del Sur. However most trees rarely exceed 1.6 ft (0.49 m) in diameter and 8 ft (2.4 m) in height. ), mangkono is regarded as "bakal na kahoy ng Pilipinas". Richard Morris. The sapwood is usually pale reddish in color while the heartwood is deep red to brown. [1] It is endemic to the islands of the Visayas, Palawan, and northeastern Mindanao. This one is from the northern Philippines and is supposed to grow as a shrub 2 to 3 metres tall with red flowers. Its other uses are as rollers, shears, saw guide blocks, tool handles, novelties, poles and piles for wharves and bridges, and posts for houses. ); Flora de Filipinas, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. )", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Xanthostemon_verdugonianus&oldid=978844624, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 September 2020, at 07:57. No plant part is edible or of medicinal importance. It is valued for its extremely durable and heavy timber. The fruits are dehiscent and septicidal, with two or three sections that open when ripe to disperse small semicircular seeds. They have a smooth, leathery texture. Nationwide it now is considered rare and endangered according to the ASEAN Regional Centre for Biodiversity Conservation. We have a number of native Xanthostemons here but they're all trees and flowers yellow or greenish yellow. Consider: Cutting a mangkono tree … It can be found in Southeast Asia particularly in the Philippines and is currently threatened by habitat loss. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants.

xanthostemon verdugonianus wood

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