[citation needed] Formerly, sika were grouped together in this genus with nine other species. Females carry a pair of distinctive black bumps on the forehead. I. Nat. The upper … Since 1991 the range of the species has severely decreased and is now almost co-extensive with that of the Visayan warty pig. Specimens were sent to the cities of Bacolod and Dumaguete for further analysis.[6][7][8]. Fights between rival males for territorial disputes, which occur by using hooves and antlers,[11][12] are sometimes fierce and long and may even be fatal. All of the subspecies are present in captivity, but a lack of suitable habitats and government efforts prevent their reintroduction. Recent DNA evidence indicates these deer are not as closely related as previously thought, resulting in the creation of new species and genera. Across its original range and in many areas to which it has been introduced, the sika is regarded as a particularly prized and elusive sportsman's quarry. Its habitat is in dense cogon grassland, and primary and secondary forest. Males are larger than females and have short, thick, bumpy antlers. Reintroduction programs are also under way in Vietnam, where the Vietnamese sika deer (C. n. pseudaxis) is extinct or nearly so. [4], Since 1987, Silliman University Mammal Conservation Program, through the Center for Tropical Studies (CENTROP), has been engaged in the deer's captive breeding. Hunting and forest clearances as a result of logging activities and agricultural conversion are thought to be the causes of a devastating drop in the numbers of the deer (a 1991 survey found that the deer was present in only 5% of its former range). [5] Researchers involved in the expedition commented that "more protection" of the deer and similar endangered species in the park [is needed] "in order to assure their survival". The color of the pelage ranges from mahogany to black, and white individuals are also known. The team was thrilled by their success, although one of the expedition leaders, Craig Turner, admitted "this discovery confirms [the deer] are surviving, but doesn't tell us they are thriving". Although the species as a whole is thriving, it is endangered and extinct in many areas. Canlaon National Park, North Negros Forest Reserve, Southern Candoni, and West Panay Mountains (a proposed National Park). [9] The expedition was sponsored by several environmental institutions and foundations, which are interested in promoting and protecting the biodiversity, present within the United Kingdom as well as in the Visayas in the Philippines, such as the Negros Forests and Ecological Foundation Inc., Silliman University, Coral Cay Conservation, and the Zoological Society of London. Sika males are territorial and keep harems of females during their rut, which peaks from early September through October,[12] but may last well into the winter. It is sexually dimorphic; males are larger than females, and antlersare present only on males. The diet of the deer, which consists of a variety of different types of grasses, leaves, and buds within the forest, is the primary indicator of its habitat. [4], This species is fully protected under Philippine law. Spotted Deer otherwise Chital Deer are inhabitants to the wildernesses of the Indian subcontinent. The average lifespan is 15 to 18 years in captivity, although one case is recorded as living 25 years and 5 months. Now, only the sika and red deer remain, the latter being divided into three separate species: European red deer, central Asian red deer and American elk (though this remains controversial).[3]. [7][8] On the other end of the size spectrum, in the Japanese sika deer (C. n. nippon), males weigh 40–70 kg (88–154 lb) and females weigh 30–40 kg (66–88 lb). Serious genetic pollution has occurred in many populations, especially in China. The main predators of sika deer include tigers, wolves,[11] leopards, and brown bears. Axis deer are also called chital deer or spotted Indian deer. [2], On April 2009, footprints and animal droppings belonging to the creature were found in the North Negros Natural Park by a scientific team of six British, five Filipinos, and one Irishman, who were studying the biodiversity of the park. [5], Deforestation has greatly contributed in the decline of the deer. Common Name – Spotted deer / Axis deer. Zoological Name – Axis axis. [4] All Cervus species can crossbreed and produce hybrids in areas where they coexist (for example, introduced sika hybridize with native red deer in the Scottish Highlands, where this is a serious threat to the gene pool of the red deer population). [2], Due to the severe pressures faced by the deer, the IUCN has twice listed it as an endangered species: firstly in 1994 (when it was de-listed within the year) and again in 1996 (which listing has continued until the present). Hunting, both by locals and sport hunters has also made an impact; subsistence hunting, sales of venison to local markets and speciality restaurants, and live trapping for the pet trade have all contributed to the species' dwindling numbers. Subfamily – Cervinae. [11][12] The sika deer is a highly vocal species, with over 10 individual sounds, ranging from soft whistles to loud screams. [4], The species' range once covered the shoreline up to at least 2,000 m above sea level. In 2013, there were reports of sightings in the Southern Candoni region, indicating Silliman's releases in Basay have successfully expanded north. The Sri Lankan axis deer (Axis axis ceylonensis) or Ceylon spotted deer is a subspecies of axis deer (Axis axis) that inhabits only Sri Lanka. 30: 7- 9. The sika deer (Cervus nippon) also known as the spotted deer or the Japanese deer, is a species of deer native to much of East Asia and introduced to other parts of the world. Lifestyles vary between individuals, with some occurring alone while others are found in single-sex groups. The team, who were from Negros Interior Biodiversity Expedition, estimate that less 300 members of the species survive. Top Answer. The chital (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer, chital deer, and axis deer, is a species of deer that is native to the Indian subcontinent. Wiki User Answered . In April 2009 an expedition team of British and Filipino mountaineers and scientists discovered evidence of two separate groups of deer in the North Negros Natural Park. Though the exact population is uncertain, it is likely to be in the hundred thousand range and is still increasing,[citation needed] mainly due to recent conservation efforts and the extinction of its main predator, the Japanese wolf (Canis lupus hodophilax), over a century ago. Previously found from northern Vietnam in the south to the Russian Far East in the north,[1] it is now uncommon except in Japan, where the species is overabundant.[2]. What is the scientific name of the white-tailed deer? [6] They are medium-sized herbivores, though they show notable size variation across their several subspecies and considerable sexual dimorphism, with males invariably much larger than females. "Morphometrical relationships between South-east Asian deer (Cervidae, tribe Cervini): evolutionary and biogeographic implications", "Visayan spotted deer - Rusa alfredi - Information", "Spotting the spotted deer - Leonor Magtolis Briones", "Wildlife Extra News - World's rarest deer found alive and well on Philippine islands", "New plant, animal species found in Negros province - Regions - Official Website of GMA News and Public Affairs - Latest Philippine News", "World's rarest deer still roam Negros - INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Visayan_spotted_deer&oldid=985368161, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 15:31.

spotted deer scientific name

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