Picture 5 shows a multiple use kit containing a series of materials for fruit processing. (G. Paltrinieri), Picture 11. - Bottles with crown cork. %PDF-1.4 - The floors must be of a solid material, never earth or plant covering. (G. Paltrinieri), Picture 2. Weighing pectin on a scale. In addition to the previously mentioned characteristics, the materials must be easy to wash and disinfect, especially those in the clean areas of the processing rooms. (TCP/BKF/6658 Project). (G. Paltrinieri), Picture 14. ��F���'We�I���أ��@��q^�$"�YD�. When considering the setting up of a fruit and vegetable processing plant, whether it be a cottage industry or a small industrial scale system, the first point to bear in mind is the infrastructure required to properly lodge all of the necessary equipment. This will prevent the water from having any chlorine-like taste. Since it is larger, automated to some extent and characterized by a greater use of electricity, a small-scale system requires installations in better conditions than a home processing system, although such requirements are significant in terms of space only. It should be easily accessible, so that tests may be performed during product storage, and any problems may be detected on the spot. Easy-to-install cooking system. As an alternative, electrical, paraffin or firewood-generated heat may be used. One aspect that must be borne in mind relates to construction details, which determine a plant's capacity to meet two objectives: to adjust to the production of foods and to ensure a sufficiently long shelf life. This "dirty" area must not extend to the section of the plant or of the processing room where the cleanest operations are carried out, like pulp extraction, grinding, cutting and the filling of containers. Since storage temperature is a very important factor, if a refrigeration system is not available, the material must be collected in the cool hours of the day. - 5 stainless steel knives with a thick blade (10 cm x 1 cm). Electrical power is also absolutely necessary if one is to rely on an appropriate lighting system, so that work shifts may be prolonged, especially when there is a surplus production of raw materials. Several different processes take place on the site where the production activity is performed, from the reception and conservation of raw materials, to the storage of finished products. A fruit and vegetable processing plant must be set up in such a way as to rely on a number of basic facilities, which are generally similar in home-processing and small-scale industrial systems. Electrically powered pulp extractor. At the same time, care must be taken to prevent the floor from being slippery. FIGURE 1. x��Xks�5�~�G��}_��M�I��"32U�? This unit is also supplied with large fibreglass tubs for manual fruit washing and handling and foldable stainless steel tables which are offloaded when stationary to enable manual inspection of the fruit and top and tail pineapples and halv… It is often necessary for the product to remain under observation before being consumed. The tools must be kept in their respective cases at all times, clean and dry. Otherwise, the energy consumption cost will be very high, since a great amount of heat will be required to dry the air. - 3 stainless steel spoons of different sizes. Even when a home-processing plant can operate without electrical power, it is better for this service to be available, essentially to facilitate the processes by means of small devices that were developed and that improve workers' performance, thus guaranteeing a greater uniformity of products. Generally, there is a "dirty" area, that is, an area where the raw material is washed and peeled, and where operations like pitting, coring, and the removal of inedible parts are performed. The crown cork being placed under the capper's magnet (TCP/BKF/6658 Project), Picture 17. - Citric acid, 500 gr, or lemon juice, 3 litres. Stationary drier (TCP/BKF/6658 Project), Picture 10. It is provided with a sieve to separate the seeds and skin from the juice, which is the basic raw material to be used in the process. FIGURE 4. {G�{�[˖��Λ��bT�d�Ap���w�mR�hJ�K�R���޲5�H�0�R& (G. Paltrinieri, Picture 20. (G. Paltrinieri), Picture 12. Picture 6 shows a cooking system easily installed in sites characterized by more precarious conditions. Ample natural and artificial lighting. This problem does not apply to areas with a high relative humidity, in which case the only requirement is to find a cool site. 5. Electrical sealer for flexible plastic bags. Since water does not come in abundant quantities, its use must therefore be regulated by strict savings principles, especially in small or home-processing installations that normally are not equipped with sophisticated water harnessing devices. stream When analyzing the equipment required by a small-scale industrial plant, it may be observed that there are no great differences in terms of basic principles. Pictures 17 and 18 show other items comprising the multi-use kit, a scale and a citrus fruit extractor. The recontamination of materials that have already been washed and disinfected is a common problem in home or small-scale industrial processing plants. Bottle capper with a crown cork. In the first case, a pulp extractor used for fruit as well as tomatoes and vegetables is shown. Dehydrated products should normally be very low in moisture, a condition that can only be fulfilled if dehydration is carried out in an especially dry place, even if an artificial drier is employed. - 1 kg of potassium sorbate for foods, optional. - Drinking water (in the processing area and surroundings). The building materials must be as light as possible, easy to readapt and install, considering that often the system users develop the plan themselves, by means of self-construction methods. - 1 kg of sodium benzoate for foods, optional. Within the beverages market, the packaged fruit juice is one of the fastest growing products. <> As a term of reference, 100 ml of a sodium hypochlorite solution for every 2000 liters of water may be used, assuming that the hypochlorite solution contains about 50 mgr of active chlorine per litre of solution. It must always be borne in mind that since the food to be processed is intended for human consumption, the infrastructure must meet several requirements. - Two enamelled or painted wood tables (180 x 120 x 80 cm approximately), with a galvanized steel or ideally a stainless steel covering. One way of achieving this separation is through the use of light partitions, painted wood panels used to simply separate one area from the other. On such premises, a continuous production line may be set up, or simply an ensemble of small machines allowing the products to be processed by hand and on a discontinuing basis. Sun drying of-peeled peaches. Figures 2-4 and pictures 1-20 illustrate different implements and machines comprising the basic equipment required for the home processing of fruit and vegetables. 5�ձя' (�-�7o���B���Ԭ4=�tu����g��i],y�| - 2 plastic or aluminium funnels (15 cm diameter).

small scale fruit processing plant

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