The main holy book of Christianity is the Bible, which includes 2 parts, the Old Testament (which is recognized by Judaism) and the New Testament (which is not). Some polytheistic religions share some elements of monotheistic belief, and vice versa. Zoroastrianism is the post-polytheistic religion of the ancient Persians. Judaism - those who are saved go to Olam Haba ("world to come"); those who are damned will be refused resurrection on Judgment Day. God's name is different in each religion, but each religion's name translates as God. Jews call god Yahweh or Jehovah. EVIL Calvinism - John Calvin was a French lawyer-turned-theologian and Roman Catholic pastor. The Eastern Orthodox Church - commonly referred to as Orthodox Christians - became the religion of Greece, Asia Minor, the Balkans, Eastern Europe, Western Asia and North Africa. Therefore my info here is in simple, non-religious language when at all possible. Judaism's chief prophets were Abraham and Moses, though there were/are many more. Christians call god Jehovah or, much more commonly, just God. Discuss the importance of writing in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Anglicanism is referred to as the Church of England in most parts of the world. Christians call the evil being Satan (or "the Devil," which is like calling Santa Claus "the Toymaker" - it's discriptive, not a name). PROPHETS describe the policies of the United States toward Native Americans during the first half of the nineteenth century, particularly during Andrew Jackson’s presidency? The main holy book of Judaism is the Torah. One big set of questions I get - especially once we start discussing the Reformation - is about the similarities and differences between the major monotheistic, or religions. Hinduism and Mahayana Buddhism are widely practiced polytheistic religions. Zoroastrianism is undoubtedly a heavy influence on the development of both Christianity and Islam. To completely simplify this break, Henry VIII wanted to divorce his current wife Catherine, who was related to the (very Catholic) kings & queens of Spain. Roman Catholicism is held together by the primacy (in spiritual/doctrinal matters) of the Pope, who is considered the highest authority on all religious matters. In 325 AD, there was a big conference called the Council of Nicea. Neither Judaism nor Islam recognize this aspect of Jesus' life. Each of these was declared heretical by the Roman Catholic hierarchy. Certainly, while this similarity gives way to a convergence in thought, there still remain striking contrasts, which draw a dividing line between the three. Calvinism, like Lutheranism, rejects the requirement to do good works as a part of salvation and says that faith alone is enough for salvation. Perhaps the major difference between Roman Catholicism and Anglicanism is in their organization. T his section looks at some of the differences and similarities between the three great monotheistic faiths: Christianity, Islam and Judaism. The first Christians were all converted Jews who followed Paul of Tarsus, one of Jesus' disciples and an early Christian organizer. Describe several ways that we know infants are not born as blank slates, but instead, come equipped with temperaments, preferences, and biases. It came on the scene after Judaism, but before Christianity or Islam, which is why it's important - it's a heavy influence on the development of both Christianity and Islam! There are two basic - but major - differences between Roman Catholicism and Lutheranism. All rights reserved. AFTERLIFE Copyright. Christianity - those who are saved go to Heaven; those who are damned go to Hell. Another important similarity between the three monotheistic religions is that their sacred scriptures are believed to have originated from the same sources. Roman Catholicism says that Church tradition is equivalent to the Bible in establishing theological and doctrinal data points. Muslims call god Allah. Humans are given the free will to choose the path of Good or the path of Evil, and their immortal souls hang in the balance. In 325 AD, the Emperor Constantine made Christianity the official religion of the dwindling Roman Empire, ending that civilization's polytheistic run and ushering in a new period of theological distinctions. Lutheranism rejects the primacy of the Pope, giving ultimate authority or religious matters over to the Bible - and man's interpretations thereof. Calvinism's version of predestination teaches that God has already decided who will be saved and who will be damned and there's nothing man can do about it. Monotheistic Religions - Their Similarities and Differences. Anglicanism - England's King Henry VIII broke away from the Roman Catholic Church for political and economic reasons, not theological or doctrinal ones. Show how it contributed to our knowledge of early Egyptian civilization but also point out its unique features. GOD Its followers are called Muslims. Catholicism has a clear and clearly defined hierarchy that begins and ends with the Pope. Anglicanism has a much more convoluted and messy power structure that is often mired in conflict. INSTRUCTION MANUALS Furthermore, while the Roman Catholic version of predestination does not mute the concept of free will, Calvinism rejects the idea that man has any free will at all. IN ANCIENT TIMES I am not nor do I purport to be a theological expert. You spend the afterlife in heaven. Christianity does not recognize Mohammed as a prophet, but does recognize the whole of pre-Christian Jewish prophetdom. Its followers are called Christians. Some similarities between the three faiths include that they are all monotheistic, they also believe that God is merciful and they have all originated from the Middle East. Christianity's chief prophets were Abraham, Moses and Jesus. Examine the similarities and differences among the polytheistic and monotheistic religious beliefs and practices of the peoples of the early Middle East. Hell awaits. Zoroastrianism's primary text is called Zend Avesta, and it lays out a lot of things that Christians and Muslims will find familiar - angels, demons, saviors, messiahs, heaven, hell, rituals, penance, burial rites, festivals and a whole lot more. Calvinism rejects this, saying the Bible is the only true authority. Just as each religion calls god by a different name, so too does their evil entity have a different name... except for Judaism, which has no primary evil being. Its followers are called Jews. Roman Catholicism teaches that the Pope is the ultimate authority on any interpretation of material contained in the Bible. Christianity further recognizes Jesus as its savior, adhering to the belief that Jesus is God's son and was sent to Earth to be born of a human woman. At this conference, the Roman Catholic Church was made the only acceptable "official" strain of Christianity (as far as the Romans were concerned, anyway) and all other sects were condemned, their followers forever to be known as heretics. The main holy book of Islam is the Koran. Islam recognizes the Torah, Psalms and a book called the Gospel as well. Roman Catholicism teaches that, to achieve salvation, a Christian must both have faith in God and Jesus and perform good works as a display of that love and faith. Islam's chief prophets were Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Mohammed. Calvinism rejects this, saying it has no basis is the Bible. More broadly, the Torah is the entire lexicon of accepted Jewish writings and teachings. Because the Pope would not grant this divorce and due to Henry's untamable desire to have sex with Anne Boleyn, Henry broke from Catholicism, granted himself the divorce, satisfied his carnal urges, and got on with his life. Technically, the Torah coincides with the first 5 books of the Christian Old Testament - Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Islam - those who are saved go to Jannah (Paradise); those who are damned go to Jahannam (Hell). Additionally, Jews follow the lessons of the Talmud, which is a collection of oral interpretations of the Torah later recorded by scholars. Examine the similarities and differences among the polytheistic and monotheistic religious beliefs and practices of the peoples of the early Middle East. Though there are major differences between the contents of the Quran, the New Testament and the Bible, it … Lutheranism rejects this and says man is saved by faith alone. MESSIAH The primary leader of the Anglican Church is the Archbishop of Canterbury. Judaism - started as the religion of the ancient Hebrew civilization, when that population was held captive by Egypt. There are three of the most influential monotheistic religions in world history today known as Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Ancient Christianity is commonly dated as after the lifetime of Jesus until 325 AD. 51% evil? THE REFORMATION They are referred to as Abrahamic religions because all three trace their origins to a common prophet, Abraham. Some differences among these religions are their prayers, symbol and views on afterlife. In the 16th Century, Roman Catholicism underwent a schism from which new, or Protestant, religions emerged.

monotheistic religions similarities and differences

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