In most areas, urban deeds have defined the boundary lines sufficiently to buy and sell land with sufficient clarity however as one moves further into larger parcels the subjectivity grows. At the time the description is compiled, it may have been marked on the ground with permanent monuments placed where there were no suitable natural monuments. PROPERTY DESCRIPTION. It is also used in some states that were previously part of one of the Thirteen Colonies, or where land was allocated before 1785. Metes and bounds, limits or boundaries of a tract of land as identified by natural landmarks, such as rivers, or by man-made structures, such as roads, or by stakes or other markers.A principal legal type of land description in the United States, metes-and-bounds descriptions are commonly used wherever survey areas are irregular in size and shape. Metes and bounds is a system or method of describing land, real property (in contrast to personal property) or real estate. COM AT E 1/4 POST OF SEC, TH S 1 DEG 05′ E 112.42 FT IN E LINE OF SEC, TH S 66 DEG 08′ W 702.70 FT IN CENT OF HWY FOR PL OF BEG, TH S 14 DEG 06′ E 850.03 FT, TH S 66 DEG 09′ W 244.27 FT, TH N 22 DEG 40′ W 542.46 FT, TH N 66 DEG 09′ E 843.26 FT IN CENT OF HWY TO THE PL OF BEG, SEC 2, T2S-R7E, 3.62 AC. The history of metes and bounds use affects election constituency boundaries today as well, as these are still described using metes and bounds, even in jurisdictions where they are not used in property sales. Where watercourses form part of the bounds their meander is generally taken as a straight line between the established corners and their monuments. As such, a metes and bounds survey is one that measures the boundary lines of a particular area of land, which can be of any size or shape. These jurisdictions typically rely on streets and their intersections to define the boundaries of each electoral district. Rods and poles are equivalent measures equaling 16.5 feet. To this day, Texas still primarily uses the metes and bounds system due to the fact that it was an independent republic prior to achieving statehood. By custom, it was applied in the original Thirteen Coloniesthat became the United States, and in many other land jurisdictio… A property’s direction may be as simple as a compass point, or the direction that each point of the property faces. In some areas where land was deeded before 1593, the lengths given predate the changes to the length of the furlong and mile by Queen Elizabeth I. 9320 DUCK HARBOR ROAD The eastern, or original states, continue to use the metes and bounds surveys of their founders. For instance, metes and bounds surveys are now accompanied by images from MapQuest and GlobeXplorer, both of which can show a more detailed representation of the precise boundaries being discussed. ASSESSOR’S PARCEL NO: … These include West Virginia, Kentucky, Maine, Tennessee and Vermont. This means that metes can be described as north, south, east, or west. This has the advantage of providing the same degree measure regardless of which direction a particular boundary is being followed; the boundary can be traversed in the opposite direction simply by exchanging N for S and E for W. In other words, "N 42°35' W" describes the same boundary as "S 42°35' E", but is traversed in the opposite direction. In 1982, the land was surveyed again, however the boundary lines were significantly different than those that had been drawn during the 1955 survey. It may include references to other adjoining parcels (and their owners), and it, in turn, could also be referred to in later surveys. Moreover, an applicant must present an argument for patentability (or, in the United States, an argument against a prima facie case of non-patentability) based only on features found within the claims. The history of metes and bounds use continues today in those states that were originally part of the Thirteen Colonies – or before 1785 – in areas where land was being allocated, such as Maine, Tennessee, West Virginia, and Vermont. Martin then decided to bring a lawsuit to quiet title to this particular parcel of land. Beginning with the Land Ordinance of 1785, it began a transition to the Public Land Survey System (PLSS) used in the central and western states. The variables that originally defined the "bounds" need to be converted to metes by more modern methods. Newer systems include rectangular (government survey) and lot and block (recorded plat). [1] Newer systems include rectangular (government survey) and lot and block (recorded plat). Metes and bounds is a system or method of describing land, real property (in contrast to personal property) or real estate. Election constituency boundaries continue to be described by the use of metes and bounds, even in jurisdictions where land plats are not otherwise based upon metes and bounds. In 1955, Ruth hired a land surveyor, N.S. These kinds of problems caused the United States to largely replace this system except in the east. Consider the following example of metes and bounds description, which describes a roughly triangular-shaped piece of property using distance, direction, and compass points, as well as manmade markers that were used to mark out the property for future reference: “Beginning at a point from which the north quarter corner of Section 4, T. 1 N (township 1 north), R. 70 W (range 70 west) of the 6th PM (the sixth principal meridian, a north–south reference line) in ABC County, Colorado, bears N 45° W 1,320 feet, at which point of beginning an iron stake has been placed; thence south 600 feet to a point also marked by an iron stake; thence N 45° W 700 feet to a large oak tree; thence northeasterly to the point of beginning.”. Once such a survey is in place, the corners may have to depend on tradition and long use to establish the line along the boundaries between them. It is therefore said that the claims set out the metes and bounds (see, e.g. “Metes” are a piece of property’s boundary lines, as determined by measuring its “straight runs.” A straight run is the distance between two points. The system is also used in the Canadian province of Ontario. The system has been used in England for many centuries, and is still used there in the definition of general boundaries. [2] By custom, it was applied in the original Thirteen Colonies that became the United States, and in many other land jurisdictions based on English common law, including Zimbabwe, South Africa, India and Bangladesh.[3]. For example, such a bearing might be listed as "N 42°35' W", which means that the bearing is 42°35' counterclockwise, or west of north. Metes and bounds is a method of surveying land that is centuries old. The description then gives distance, direction and various boundary descriptions as if one were walking the bounds pacing off the distance to the next corner where there is a change of direction. The metes and bounds survey system was developed in England,before the European discovery of the Americas. Because Texas was an independent republic prior to statehood, its land system is primarily metes and bounds. Surveying has been a subjective process open to interpretation by the person or persons producing the document as well as open discussion to the persons abiding by the document. The system is also used in the Canadian province of Ontario. According to Black’s Law Dictionary, metes means to measure and bounds means boundary. Some courts have established a list of priorities to resolve inconsistent descriptions of corners. Such mapping generally uses streets and their intersections to define the boundaries of election districts, wards, precincts, inter alia. On April 6, 1951, Byrd transferred the land to Ralph Patton. In other places references to the official borders of towns, counties, states and even the U.S. may have changed. To explore this concept, consider the following metes and bounds definition. v. Varsity Brands, Inc. A system used in real estate to define the physical features and boundaries of a piece of property. The following is an actual example of a metes and bounds survey that was recorded in Superior Township, Washtenaw County, Michigan. The following is an actual example of a metes and bounds survey that was recorded in Superior Township, Washtenaw County, Michigan. Metes and bounds descriptions are typically used whenever land survey areas are irregularly sized and/or shaped, so that the boundaries of the property can be more clearly defined. The boundaries are described in a running prose style, working around the parcel in sequence, from a point of beginning, returning to the same point; compare with the oral ritual of beating the bounds.

metes and bounds survey

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