He had set out to find a route west to Asia from Europe, and, upon landing in the present-day Bahamas, he at first believed he had reached the Indies. Loaysa writes in hope that "through your excellent efforts you will bring the natives of that province under our sway and dominion and will bring them into the knowledge of the holy catholic faith.". With tobacco, English settlers finally found a New World commodity that worked well in the mercantile system. Leif Ericson, a Viking seaman, explores the east coast of North America and sights Newfoundland, establishing a short-lived settlement there. The encomenderos were supposed to protect and Christianize the Indians granted to them, but they most often used the system to effectively enslave the Indians and take their lands. AP US History Period 1: Get all you need to know about Period 1 (1491-1607). Cabrillo explores California coast for Spain. APUSH PERIOD 1-5 TIMELINE Chronological sequencing is the ability to arrange historical events in the correct order. He would make three more journeys across the Atlantic—in 1493, 1498, and 1502. Menu. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Jamestown is founded in Virginia by the colonists of the London Company. Christian Crusades arouse European interest in Asia. The rise of the Atlantic slave trade (1525). 1500. All the settlers disappeared, and historians still don't know what became of them. Hernando Cortés conquers the Aztec empire. His discovery made him a celebrated hero upon his return to Europe. Martin Luther launches the Protestant Reformation in Europe, bringing an end to the sole authority of the Catholic Church, resulting in the growth of numerous Protestant religious sects. Period 1 was a time of European Exploration and New World and Old World Interaction. The name "America" is first used in a geography book referring to the New World with Amerigo Vespucci getting credit for the discovery of the continent. 1513. * 1800 • Convention of 1800: Peace with France • Second Great Awakening begins • 1800-1804 – Thomas Jefferson elected 1801 • Judiciary Act 1801-1805 • Naval War with Tripoli 1802 • Revised … Las Casas' efforts to end the encomienda system of land ownership and forced labor culminated in 1550, when Charles V convened the Council of Valladolid in Spain to consider whether Spanish colonists had the right to enslave Indians and take their lands. Cabot is the first of many European explorers to seek a Northwest Passage (northern water route) to Asia. Under this, conquistadors and other leaders (encomenderos) received grants of a number of Indians, from whom they could exact "tribute" in the form of gold or labor. Coronado explores the present day Southwest U.S.A. Hernando de Soto of Spain discovers the Mississippi River. Balboa claims all land touched by the Pacific for Spain. The name of the first permanent Spanish settlement in North America, established 1565 in modern day Florida. 1530. Signed by Spain and Portugal, dividing the territories of the New World. Great Awakening. A combination of disease and death led to the end of the Aztecs. The Incas developed sophisticated agricultural techniques such as terrace farming, in order to sustain large, complex societies in the unforgiving Andes Mountains. Get APUSH Help from APUSH Experts! An Italian explorer, who while sailing for Spain's Ferdinand and Isabella, accidently discovered the New World. John Cabot of England explores the Atlantic coast of Canada, claiming the area for the English King, Henry VII. Period 1: 1491-1607.