Created. a series of armed conflicts and political machinations between Parliamentarians and Royalists over, principally, the manner of England's government. global trading system in the Caribbean and the Americans trade networks extended to all corners of Atlantic Ocean. One of his greatest accomplishments was the building of the palace at Versailles. Unified daimyo (lords) to keep peace from 1600 to 1867 in Japan, Early-sixteenth-century Spanish adventurers who conquered Mexico, Central America, and Peru. and its colonies. (1672-1725) Russian tsar. Ushered in a period of commercial expansion and exploration/colonization in the New World; led the English fleet in a successful battle at sea to destroy the Spanish Armada; she headed England during its golden age. History. Europe and the Americas. (1638-1715) Known as the Sun King, he was an absolute monarch that completely controlled France. It was one of the longest and most destructive conflicts in European history, as well as the deadliest European religious war, resulting in eight million casualties. 12/10/2009. Unit 3: Land-Based Empires, 1450-1750. Explored the Inca Empire in the Andes Mountains of South America; disease, superior weapons, and help from enemies quickly destroyed Inca resistance; Pizzaro and his forces came to rule the area. Christian boys, taken from the Balkan provinces, converted to Islam, and recruited by force to serve the Ottoman government. 10th Grade. 1: 12417958215: Trans-Atlantic Trade: global trading system in the Caribbean and the Americans trade networks extended to all corners of Atlantic Ocean: 2: 12417958216: Triangular Trade A German monk who became one of the most famous critics of the Roman Catholic Chruch. He was also father to Alexander the Great. Getting started Writing Resources Unit 1 Unit 2 Unit 3 Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Resources Early Modern Period Introduction: File Size: 44 kb: File Type: pdf: Download File. The center of their empire was in present-day Peru. a more enlightened ruler than Peter the Great; she enforced serfdom; limited growth of merchant class; kept Russia in what were really feudal times; expanded westward into Poland and the area around the Black Sea. 4: 36522616: Communism: An economic system in which the state controls means of production: 5: 36522617: Congress of Vienna: Peace conference held after Napoleon's first exile (1814-1815). Find GCSE resources for every subject. Description. Teacher Allie Thiessen will help provide a basis of understanding of the unit as well as practice multiple-choice and short-answer questions. The population was... 4.2 Exploration: Causes and Events. AP World History. Assisted in the Catholic Reformation by establishing the Society of Jesuits; Jesuits practiced self-control and moderation, believed that prayer and good works led to salvation; led to higher expectations for all clergy; because of their oratorical and political skills Jesuits served in high political offices, Founded in 1545 as part of the Catholic Reformation to define Catholic interpretation of Church doctrine; heretics (mostly Jews and Protestants) were once again tried and punished; reestablished Latin as the language of worship for the Roman Catholic Church, 1632 CE; demonstrated the rotation of the earth on its axis around the sun; his mathematical proofs made it difficult for scholars to continue to adhere to Ptolemy's teaching that the heavens orbited earth; Church put Galileo on trial and he was forced to recant; his book was banned; even under house areest he continued to research and document his findings, "The Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy" in 1697; he invented calculus to help prove the theories of Copernicus, Galileo, Bacon, and others; also developed the law of gravity, 1588-1679 CE; author of "Leviathan" who believed people were by nature greedy and prone to violent warfare; so he believed the role of government in the social contract should be to preserve peace and stability even at the expense of political rights, 1632-1704 CE; wrote "Two Treatises on Government; believed in the essential goodness of man, all men were equal and had unalienable rights to life, liberty, and property; primary responsibility of government to secure and guarantee natural rights, 1712-1778 CE; wrote "The Social Contract;" society should be organized by the majority's will; essence of freedom is to obey the laws that the people make for themselves, Argued for separation of powers among the branches of government, Rounded the Cape of Good Hope at Africa's southernmost end and became the first European to reach India by sea, Convinced Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain to finance a voyage to Asia by heading west; he bumped into the Americas instead, continuing to think he had reached Asia, In 1519, Cortes landed on the coast of Mexico with a small force; in Aztec Empire; he worked with opponents of the Aztecs to subjugate them and/or murder them; main objective was gold and wealth for Spain. businesses formed by groups of people who jointly make an investment and share in the profits and losses. The interconnection of the Eastern and Western hemispheres made possible by transoceanic voyaging marked a key transformation of this period. A lot like the divine right of kings; While the emperors were divinely chosen, they could not continue to rule if they failed to please heaven. Francisco Pizarro of Spain conquered the empire. Unit 4 (1450 C.E. Thoughts of scholars and philosophers turned away from the afterlife and began to focus on human endeavors and achievements; led to a reduction in the authority of institutions, Mid-1400s CE; by Johannes Gutenberg; books became far easier to produce; led to increased rates of literacy throughout Europe; was one cause of the Protestant Reformation, Sold by the Roman Catholic church to finance building projects; piece of paper that allowed the holder to spend less time in purgatory being punished for their sins. Set the Line of Demarcation which was a boundary established in 1493 to define Spanish and Portuguese possessions in the Americas. They played an important part in the Catholic Reformation and helped create conduits of trade and knowledge between Asia and Europe.

ap world history unit 4

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